Litosphere Dynamics

Litosphere Dynamics
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Litosphere Dynamics

Litosphere Dynamics

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Research in this unit

Our research aims to characterize the structure and evolution of the lithosphere, exploring the processes that shape the Earth’s surface and associated natural resources. We study sedimentary basins, ductile deformation and metamorphism in the deep crust. We work in both continental and marine regions, especially in modern and ancient orogenic zones.

The diverse scientific specialties of the group allow this comprehensive analysis of lithospheric dynamics at continental margins and in the formation of sedimentary basins, in order to reconstruct their paleogeographic evolution. Our studies include seismic activity and the characterization of the associated geological risks, which affect the population and infrastructures, to assess their effects on landslides and on the stability of civil works.



  1. To integrate geological and geophysical data to explain the present-day lithospheric configuration of the Betic-Rif Cordillera, from the initial stages of cortical shortening to the thinning and extension during the Miocene.
    2. To study the Alpine and pre-Alpine (polyorogenic and polymetamorphic) tectonometamorphic evolution of the Betic-Rif Inner Zones and perimediterranean equivalents developed in a comparable geodynamic framework, by applying geochronological, petrological and microstructural methods in an integrated way.
    3. Geological characterization of orogenic regions, such as those of the Western Mediterranean (especially the Betic and Rif), studying the processes that shape their structure and evolution during the Neogene.
    4. Analysis of the contractional and extensional processes that generate and thin orogenic belts and form related sedimentary basins (emerged and marine regions), gathering the geometrical and kinematic description and the temporal evolution of extensional fault systems.
    5. Stratigraphic characterization of the Phanerozoic sedimentary record of the peri-Mediterranean Alpine domains and study of their Alpine and pre-Alpine paleogeographic evolution. This objective requires the analysis of sedimentary facies and biochronology to reconstruct the sedimentary processes in the Mediterranean Alpine paleomargins.
    6. Characterization of active and recent deformation in seismically active regions and associated geological hazards. In this sense, the processes that shape the topographic surface are studied, measuring ground movements linked to landslides and active structures that affect civil works.


PhD Thesis

Title Type Date Authors University

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Authors Year Title Magazine, volume, pages.
Alberto Pérez-López, Constantino Benedicto, Federico Ortí. 2021 Middle Triassic carbonates of Eastern Iberia (Western Tethyan Realm): A shallow platform model Sedimentary Geology, 420, 105904
Domingo G. A. M. Aerden, Alejandro Ruiz-Fuentes, Mohammad Sayab, Aidan Forde. 2021 Kinematics of subduction in the Ibero-Armorican arc constrained by 3D microstructural analysis of garnet and pseudomorphed lawsonite porphyroblasts from Île de Groix (Variscan belt) Solid Earth, 12, 971-992
Alberto Pérez-López, Aitor Cambeses, Fernando Pérez-Valera, Annette E. Götz. 2021 Rhaetian tectono-magmatic evolution of the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province volcanism in the Betic Cordillera, South Iberia Lithos, 396-397, 106230
Laura Gómez de la Peña, César R. Ranero, Eulàlia Gràcia, Guillermo Booth-Rea. 2020 The evolution of the westernmost Mediterranean basins Earth-Science Reviews, 214, 103445
M. Camafort, J.V. Pérez-Peña, G. Booth-Rea, F. Melki, E. Gràcia, J.M. Azañón, J.P. Galve, W. Marzougui, S. Gaidi, C.R. Ranero,. 2020 Active tectonics and drainage evolution in the Tunisian Atlas driven by interaction between crustal shortening and mantle dynamics Geomorphology, 351, 106954
Kerstin Elert, José Miguel Azañón, Fernando Nieto. 2018 Smectite formation upon lime stabilization of expansive marls Applied Clay Science, 158, 29-36
A. Azdimousa, A. Jabaloy-Sánchez, P. Münch, J.M. Martínez-Martínez, G. Booth-Rea, M. Vázquez-Vílchez, L. Asebriy, J. Bourgois, F. González-Lodeiro. 2018 Structure and exhumation of the Cap des Trois Fourches basement rocks (Eastern Rif, Morocco) Journal of African Earth Sciences, 150, 657-672
G. Booth-Rea, S. Gaidi, F. Melki, W. Marzougui, J. M. Azañón, F. Zargouni, J. P. Galvé, J. V. Pérez-Peña. 2018 Late Miocene Extensional Collapse of Northern Tunisia Tectonics, 37, 1626-1647
Alejandro Ruiz-Fuentes, Domingo G. A. M. Aerden. 2018 Transposition of foliations and superposition of lineations during polyphase deformation in the Nevado-Filabride complex: tectonic implications International Journal of Earth Sciences, 107, 1975-1988
Guillermo Booth-Rea, César R. Ranero, Ingo Grevemeyer. 2018 The Alboran volcanic-arc modulated the Messinian faunal exchange and salinity crisis Scientific Reports, 8,
Mohammad Sayab, Arttu Miettinen, Domingo Aerden, Fredrik Karell. 2017 Orthogonal switching of AMS axes during type-2 fold interference: Insights from integrated X-ray computed tomography, AMS and 3D petrography Journal of Structural Geology, 103, 1-16
Federico Ortí, Alberto Pérez-López, Josep Maria Salvany. 2017 Triassic evaporites of Iberia: Sedimentological and palaeogeographical implications for the western Neotethys evolution during the Middle Triassic–Earliest Jurassic Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 471, 157-180
Antonio Sánchez-Navas, Antonio García-Casco, Stefano Mazzoli, Agustín Martín-Algarra. 2017 Polymetamorphism in the Alpujarride Complex, Betic Cordillera, South Spain The Journal of Geology, 125, 637-657
Rosario Rodríguez-Cañero, Antonio Jabaloy-Sánchez, Pilar Navas-Parejo, Agustín Martín-Algarra. 2017 Linking Palaeozoic palaeogeography of the Betic Cordillera to the Variscan Iberian Massif: new insight through the first conodonts of the Nevado-Filábride Complex International Journal of Earth Sciences, 107, 1791-1806
José Antonio Lozano, Encarnación Puga, Antonio Garcia-Casco, Francisco Martínez-Sevilla, Francisco Contreras Cortés, Javier Carrasco Rus, Agustín Martín-Algarra. 2017 First evidence of prehistoric eclogite quarrying for polished tools and their circulation on the Iberian Peninsula Geoarchaeology, 33, 364-385
María Isabel Varas-Reus, Carlos J. Garrido, Claudio Marchesi, Delphine Bosch, Antonio Acosta-Vigil, Károly Hidas, Amel Barich, Guillermo Booth-Rea. 2016 Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic systematics of crustal rocks from the western Betics (S. Spain): Implications for crustal recycling in the lithospheric mantle beneath the westernmost Mediterranean Lithos, 276, 45-61
J.V. Pérez-Peña, M. Al-Awabdeh, J.M. Azañón, J.P. Galve, G. Booth-Rea, D. Notti. 2016 SwathProfiler and NProfiler: Two new ArcGIS Add-ins for the automatic extraction of swath and normalized river profiles Computers & Geosciences, 104, 135-150
Károly Hidas, Zoltán Konc, Carlos J. Garrido, Andréa Tommasi, Alain Vauchez, José Alberto Padrón-Navarta, Claudio Marchesi, Guillermo Booth-Rea, Antonio Acosta-Vigil, Csaba Szabó, María Isabel Varas-Reus, Fernando Gervilla. 2016 Flow in the western Mediterranean shallow mantle: Insights from xenoliths in Pliocene alkali basalts from SE Iberia (eastern Betics, Spain) Tectonics, 35, 2657-2676
M. Alawabdeh, J. V. Pérez-Peña, J. M. Azañón, G. Booth-Rea, A. M. Abed, M. Atallah, J. P. Galve. 2016 Stress analysis of NW Jordan: New episode of tectonic rejuvenation related to the Dead Sea transform fault Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 9,
Mohammad Sayab, Syed Z. Shah, Domingo Aerden. 2016 Metamorphic record of the NW Himalayan orogeny between the Indian plate-Kohistan Ladakh Arc and Asia: Revelations from foliation intersection axis (FIA) controlled P–T–t–d paths Tectonophysics, 671, 110-126
M. Al-Awabdeh, J.V. Pérez-Peña, J.M. Azañón, G. Booth-Rea, A. Abed, M. Atallah, J.P. Galve. 2016 Quaternary tectonic activity in NW Jordan: Insights for a new model of transpression–transtension along the southern Dead Sea Transform Fault Tectonophysics, 693, 465-473
J. Tamay, J. Galindo-Zaldívar, P. Ruano, J. Soto, F. Lamas, J.M. Azañón. 2016 New insight on the recent tectonic evolution and uplift of the southern Ecuadorian Andes from gravity and structural analysis of the Neogene-Quaternary intramontane basins Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 70, 340-352
Manuel Martínez-Martos, Jesus Galindo-Zaldívar, Carlos Sanz de Galdeano, Francisco Juan García-Tortosa, Francisco José Martínez-Moreno, Patricia Ruano, Lourdes González-Castillo, José Miguel Azañón. 2016 Latest extension of the Laujar fault in a convergence setting (Sierra Nevada, Betic Cordillera) Journal of Geodynamics, 104, 15-26
Kerstin Elert, Fernando Nieto, José Miguel Azañón. 2016 Effects of lime treatments on marls Applied Clay Science, 135, 611-619
F.J. Martínez-Moreno, J. Galindo-Zaldívar, L. González-Castillo, J.M. Azañón. 2016 Collapse susceptibility map in abandoned mining areas by microgravity survey: A case study in Candado hill (Málaga, southern Spain) Journal of Applied Geophysics, 130, 101-109
Antonio Sánchez-Navas, Elisa MaCaione, Rita de Cassia Oliveira-Barbosa, Antonia Messina, Agustín Martín-Algarra. 2016 Transformation of kyanite to andalusite in the Benamocarra Unit (Betic Cordillera, S. Spain). Kinetics and petrological significance European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 337-353

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